Learning maths within the EYFS is all about ensuring a very strong grounding in number, so that children have the necessary building blocks to excel mathematically as they move through school.  

The new EYFS Framework stresses the importance of children developing a deep understanding of numbers up to 10.  This means that not only should children be able to count confidently, but they should be able to understand the relationships and the patterns within the numbers. They are then supported through a range of teaching and open-ended learning opportunities to build on and apply this knowledge in a range of situations.  

Another important part of the maths curriculum in the EYFS is helping children to develop their knowledge of shapes, space and measures. 

A lot of emphasis is placed on developing children's mathematical vocabulary and instilling in them a 'have a go' mindset.  Maths is all about problem-solving and making connections.  We want children to be willing to make mistakes, as this is the way we learn best. 


A range of practical teaching activities and focused play opportunities will help children develop the following mathematical skills and knowledge: 

  • an understanding of maths through stories, songs, games and imaginative play;
  • the concept of numbers and ideas such as 'heavier than' or 'bigger’;
  • an awareness of shapes and space;
  • early addition and subtraction of objects and numbers
  • how to halve and double