Literacy is a key element of the EYFS curriculum. Developing a love of reading is one of our key drivers here at Pentland.  We want children to both enjoy books and reading, as it is not only a fundamental skill which underpins learning across the curriculum, but one that supports children to escape into a world of stories and facts. 

Reading skills begin to develop from birth, as children soak up the language that they are surrounded by.  These skills continue to develop through the EYFS, and are supported by adults' talk and modelling of language, reading and sharing lots of books (both fiction and non-fiction) and enjoying rhymes, poems and songs together. 

As children move through the EYFS, they are taught the specific skills associated with word reading, through Phonics, so that they can quickly identify and decode unfamiliar printed words.  It is important that they are also taught to read for understanding, so a lot of time is spent on reading comprehension skills, developing specific skills and answering questions about what they have read, or been read.

Alongside reading, another important life and learning skill is writing. Children are supported from the beginning of EYFS to make their own marks on paper, gradually recognising and being able to attribute meaning to these marks.  As they move forward in their learning, they are taught to make recognisable letters, write their own name and then engage in purposeful writing tasks, writing more words matching some letters to the correct phonemes. 

Children will engage in lots of different activities throughout the day to help them develop the skills necessary to become confident readers and writers.  The learning environment is set up with opportunities to both read and write across different areas of the continuous provision - indoors and outdoors. Each classroom has it's own well stocked and attractive reading area and a variety of mark-making equipment is available for children to experiement and write and draw with.

Alongside the continuous provision, focused and group learning activities are built into the day, particularly as children move through nursery to reception. These will model and teach different elements and aspects of reading and writing.  Children also receive reading books from Reception class onwards.  Reading is initially listened to on a 1:1 basis, but then moves into group guided reading sessions.  

The different aspects of Literacy are: 

  • Reading - Comprehension
  • Reading - Word Reading 
  • Writing 

A variety of teaching and learning opportunities will gradually help children to: 

  • Develop their phonological awareness - listen, remember and talk about different sounds
  • Hear and say sounds and link them to the alphabet
  • Be able to orally blend and segment activities
  • Talk about rhyming words 
  • Engage in increasingly extended conversations about stories and non-fiction texts 
  • Name the parts of a book 
  • Follow print, knowing it is read from top to bottom and use 1:1 correspondence
  • Be able to identify some letters and words in a sentence and write their name
  • learn to use a pencil effectively