Communication and Language

Communication and Language underpins all the seven areas of learning and development.  From birth, children are learning the two-way interaction which forms the foundations for language and cognitive development. This learning continues throughout the children's time in our EYFS unit, with the aim of instilling in children the impetus to communicate, the vocabulary to express their ideas and the langugage structures they need to communicate their thoughts, feelings, needs, observations and ideas effectively. 

Here at Pentland, the learning environment is a language rich one.  It is set up to stimulate children's learning across the curriculum and to engage and follow their interests, thereby encouraging children to talk and discuss what they see and interact with.  Key vocabulary is a feature of weekly planning, so that children constantly have new vocabulary introduced and used in a context to help them learn and reinforce its use. 

The curriculum is arranged around a number of core books, which have been chosen specifically to link to different themes and often have more repetitive text at first, then  gradually introduce more complicated vocabulary. 

Adults interact with children in a range of ways throughout the day, for example whilst children are playing and learning indendently in the continuous provision, in group times and more focused learning activities and during story and rhyme times.  Alongside this, there are constant natural conversations throughout the day. All of these interactions model language use to the children, so that they are constantly building their knowledge, understanding and proficiency of spoken language. 


There are two aspects of Communication and Language: 

  • Listening, Attention and Understanding
  • Speaking 


Lots of different activities help the children learn to: 

  • Speak confidently and clearly and take part in conversations 
  • Use a wide range of vocabulary in different contexts
  • Be able to connect their ideas together and use a range of different tenses
  • Retell a simple event from the past
  • Express their own ideas and opinions
  • Listen with attention to others, both in a 1:1 situation and in a small group
  • Sing songs and ryhmes, in a group and independently 
  • Enjoy listening to and responding to stories and poems, showing good attention and being able to recall what happens
  • Follow increasingly more complex instructions
  • Ask and answer questions in a range of contexts